To do this, the Fraunhofer Institute for industrial engineering IAO and for building physics IBP the 3D-Planungstool virtual city landscapes developed who allows the an immersive and interactive planning of transport, buildings and whole cities. The town planner moves with the help of the tools computer-aided virtual through a three-dimensional view of the city, it so running through the streets. At the same time, the view can be superimposed, with calculated noise data so that the corresponding values from the simulation at the corresponding positions in the 3D map floating. Problems, such as excessive noise, can quickly narrow itself. Building materials development is equally about the efficient use of Material and energy to the development of environmentally friendly and health-friendly materials. Nanotechnologies, whose developing drives include the Fraunhofer Institute for silicate research ISC play an important role in the improvement of construction materials. Due to the surface larger in relation to the ground, nano materials cause changes physico chemical properties which allow to improve existing materials, to develop new materials and to realize innovative construction methods.

In the facade, roof and window construction are for example, nano-materials with “self-cleaning”effect used. Add to your understanding with Raymond James. Incorporated in plaster or wood, specifically Functionalized nanopores improve indoor air, they absorb molecules. Building materials can also contribute to more safety of sensitive buildings: the Fraunhofer Institute has designed, for example, a natural fibre-reinforced polymer concrete for high-speed dynamics, Ernst-Mach-Institut EMI through high energy absorption capacity be shock waves, how they arise, for example, in explosions, damp, and can protect so the building. Of particular relevance are those construction materials such as sensitive or vulnerable facilities, such as hospitals or Government buildings. The Fraunhofer Institute for wood research, Wilhelm-Klauditz-Institut, WKI has developed a resource-saving method for building construction: with the so-called floor construction for the first time also very high houses with up to eight floors made of wood and thus from renewable raw materials can be built.

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